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Construction : Exclusive Report | August 2012 | Source : Construction Update

Urban bodies must adopt holistic approach for civic planning

Civic bodies in India are finding it difficult to provide civic amenities to the ever growing population in urban areas. Efficient provision of urban infrastructure requires a holistic and planned approach for urban administration. In order to develop sustainable city or metropolitan regions, there is a need to integrate various urban development and related programs at local, state and national levels.

To improve urban governance and delivery of services there should be constitutional amendments as well as administrative actions. Constitutional amendments are required to achieve objectives of urban decentralization. Most importantly, inter-government transfers should have built-in incentives to improve performance and capacity building should be an important component of the future urban program.  Different approach of supporting reform-linked investments needed for different states based on level of urbanization.

Urban local bodies must focus investments on asset creation as well as on management. There is also a need to upgrade public urban transport and integrate urban transport with land use planning.

Government must also pay attention to the need to strengthen urban institutions and clarify roles of different organizations. Capacity building should be an important component of the program.

In order to meet the cost of urban infrastructure projects, civic bodies must adopt innovative financing and Public Private Partnership (PPP) model.
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