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Construction : Cover Story | April 2016 | Source : CW-India

I Need Complete Protection and High Performance Waterproofing Systems For Roofs


CW connected with the municipal corporations of the selected 20 cities to get a sneak peak into their preparations to achieve the smart dream for their city - amount budgeted for the plan, status on formation of the SPV, tenders to be floated - and their requirement for pan-city development.

NEW DELHI: The capital territory
Ashish Aggarwal, Deputy Director, New Delhi Municipal Corporation (NMDC):

¨For the Delhi smart city plan, we have budgeted around Rs 1,900 crore, which includes opex and capex. Importantly, NDMC will contribute around 53 per cent of the total fund requirement, and 42 per cent of the funds will be through the PPP mode and the remaining from the central grant. We have not yet formed the special purpose vehicle (SPV), and it will take about one month to finalise the procedure that includes identifying members. Meanwhile, till the formation of the SPV, it is proposed that the corporation will be in a position to perform the functions of the SPV, being autonomous within the mandate given in the Act and financially self-sufficient. This has led us to issue four requests for proposals for various projects to be undertaken in our smart city plan. Recently, we floated an RFP for 10 mini sewage treatment plants ranging from 100-500 kld. We have also floated an RFP for the SCADA system for energy and waste management and 105 public toilets. And, we are planning to issue an RFP for smart electricity poles, which is in an advanced stage.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of

completion

e-Governance One e-gov specialist, three ICT specialists, four web and mobile
developers, one cyber-security expert, fi ve dedicated front-end
staff for citizen engagement, companies like Rural
Electrifi cation Corporation (REC) to be engaged for execution
through a competitive bidding procedure.
March 2018
Installation of
AMIs/smart meters
Companies like REC to be engaged for execution through a
competitive bidding procedure.
March 2018
IT enablement of the
distribution network including
technology infusion
NDMC employees of the Electrical Department to be trained to
be able to adjust to IT enablement of the systems and
technological maturity.
March 2018
Phase-wise implementation
of 40 MW capacity from
solar power
Engage firms to prepare detailed project reports (DPR) followed
by competitive tariff bidding, Solar Energy Corporation of
India (SECI).
March 2020
Smart water and
wastewater management
Engage firms for the execution of the projected plans in the
DPR, example, IBM, Eram Scientific Solutions.
March 2019
Smart health and education Engage organisations like Adobe Systems, Blackboard, Cisco,
DocTree, GE, for the execution of the plans; identify and engage
volunteers for the skill transfer and mentoring programme.
March 2017

JAIPUR, Rajasthan: The pink city
Ashutosh Pednekar, Commissioner, Jaipur Municipal Corporation:

¨We have envisaged total funds of Rs 2,400 crore for developing the Jaipur smart city plan.

At present, we are in the process of finalising a consultant to prepare the detailed project report (DPR), which will be based on fixed parameters. While the DPR process is expected to be completed within a month, it will initially focus on three major interventions of intra-modal mobility, solid waste management and heritage tourism, for pan-city as well as area-based development. We will then issue bids for projects to be undertaken on a priority basis. We have already formed the SPV, which will be headed by the Principle Secretary LSG; I will be the CEO.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of

completion

Smart multi-modal mobility
– open standard-based
common fare card system,
multipurpose open standard-
based fare common card
Digital infrastructure for card issuance, card recharge and validation system. 2018
Jaipur Multi-Modal Public
Transit Operations and
Management Centre
Digital infrastructure for asset management system, bus and crew scheduling system and fleet management. 2018
Passenger information
system/journey planning
Digital infrastructure including LED/LCD display for bus shelters. 2017
Smart solid waste management
– operations monitoring of
street waste collection
Biometric devices for mapping waste recycler. 2017
Smart solid waste
management – fleet and
asset management system
GPS trackers, radio communication, route optmisation. 2017
Smart solid waste management
– SWM operation
management system
Digital infrastructure for intelligent operation data
integration platform.
2018

BHUBANESWAR: Odisha´s capital and pride
Alok Kumar Kar, Additional Commissioner, Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation:
¨We have allocated a total fund of Rs 4,500 crore for our smart city plan for the next five years. In the first year, we intend to spend about Rs 800-1,000 crore on various envisaged projects. Meanwhile, within one month, we will finalise the DPR, and the bidding process will start in the next two-three months thereafter. We have already formed the SPV; the structure is still in the draft stage and yet to be finalised by the state government.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of

completion

Intelligent traffic
management subsystem
Traffi c signal; surveillance camera both fixed with video
analytics capability and PTZ; variable message signboard, etc.
-
Smart parking subsystem Physical: Handheld POS, LED parking displays, etc. 2018
Transit operations subsystem OBUs with GPS devices, depot assets management, PIS displays, etc. 2019
Common payment
card subsystem
Cards, issuance centre, card vending and recharge machines, handheld POS, back offi ce system, etc. 2017
Emergency response
and incident
management subsystem
Call centre, GPS devices, radio communication system, weather monitoring, vehicles, etc. 2019
City command and
control subsystem
ICOMC building and associated infrastructure, video wall, GPS, camera, etc. 2019

SURAT, Gujarat: The diamond city
Milind Torwane, Commissioner, Surat Municipal Corporation:

¨Total financial plan of Surat Smart City Proposal is Rs 2,597 crore including smart city funding, own funding, funding through convergence with other GoI/GoG schemes and PPP. For FY16-17, provision of Rs 150 crore has been kept in SMC´s budget apart from projects on PPP. An SPV named Surat Smart City Development Ltd has already been formed and is chaired by the city´s municipal commissioner. PwC-TCE consortium has been selected through the process of RFP as Project Management Consultant by GUDM, Government of Gujarat, for consultancy services. That said, the DPR will be prepared in the next three to four months. Project implementation has been prioritised and phased across five years from the year 2016. Post finalisation of DPR, tenders will be floated immediately as per the implementation plan of SCP.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of

completion

SMAC centre
(SMArt City centre)
IBM has been roped in to provide the operating system for the centre; SMC has developed GIS platform with 12-13 layers that will form the basic platform; SPV will implement along with technology partner. 2018, for 30
services
S-Connect card management
system (co-branded,
multi-application, contactless
smart card)
SMC has engaged State Bank of India (SBI) as a card operatorfor financial transactions – it is also brand partner for the S-Connect card; vendor for card management system tointegrate SMC civic services and other private services; vendorfor
an integrated automatic fare collection system (AFC).
2018
Development of ERP with
GIS platform
SPV will implement the system in coordination with SPV; proper training and awareness on change management will be crucial
in effective implementation.
2018
WiFi Surat
(fibre-to-home connectivity)
SPV to implement in coordination with DISC; vendor to be appointed for development of website and O&M; service
providers to be appointed.
2018
Surat IT-MAC (integrated transport-mobility
administration centre)
Vendor needed for integrated transit management system
(ITMS); SPV in coordination with SMC and traffic department
will implement.
2018
Automatic fare
collection system
Vendor to be appointed by the SPV for ITMS system. 2017

KOCHI, Kerala: Port city on India´s southwest coast
Amit Meena, Secretary, Corporation of Kochi:

¨We have budgeted a total of Rs 2,000 crore for our smart city plan. Initially, for smart city implementation, Rs 1,000 crore will be spent, of which Rs 500 crore will be the share of the Central Government, Rs 300 crore from the state and Rs 200 crore will be the corporation´s share. As the amount sanctioned will be spent over five years, of our Rs 200 crore, Rs 50 crore has already been incorporated in the corporation´s current annual budget. We have formed the SPV, following which, we will float the RFQ to select consultants to prepare the DPR. While the RFQ process will start in the first week of April, the DPR will be ready before June 25 this year. Once the DPR is ready, we will identify priority projects and start floating tenders for individual projects in subsequent months.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of

completion

Smart card integration and an integrated city app Funds. March 2017
Intelligent water management solutions for 24 × 7 water supply Funds. March 2022

BELAGAVI: Foundry hub of Karnataka
G Prabhu, Commissioner, Corporation of the City of Belagavi:

¨A total of Rs 3,500 crore has been considered to transform Belagavi into a smart city.

Of this, Rs 1,000 crore has been sought from the Central Government. The proposal to form the SPV is still under consideration with the state government. But once formed, tenders will be floated to appoint consultants - which does not come under the purview of the corporation - for preparing the DPR.

While this is expected to take another two months, by June-end the tendering process for priority infrastructure projects should begin.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

E-governance with
ICT system
Central command system, e-governance, smart metering forwater and electricity, ITS for traffi c and transportation. December 2017
Renewable energy Solar rooftop panelling for government office, public institutions, residential. December 2018
Traffic, transport and mobility Smart bus shelters, pedestrian walkways, cycle tracks, junction improvement minor. December 2017
24 × 7 water supply Smart meters for water supply, 24 × 7 water supply. December 2019
Solid waste management Comprehensive solid waste management system. June 2018
Air quality Afforestation, improving urban mobility, cleaner fuels – CNG. June 2018

PUNE: Cultural capital of Maharashtra
Kunal Kumar, Commissioner, Pune Municipal Corporation:

¨Projects worth Rs 2,932 crore are proposed in the Pune Smart City Plan. This includes Rs 2,196 crore worth of projects for area-based development in Aundh-Banner-Balewadi area of Pune and Rs 671 crore worth of projects for pan-city solution, with Rs 65 crore in A&OE of the projects. As per the smart cities mission guidelines, the Centre will grant Rs 100 crore per year, which is a total of Rs 500 crore in the next five years. Additionally, the state government will grant Rs 50 crore per year - Rs 250 crore in five years - and the remaining share of Rs 50 crore per year will be borne through PMC budget provisions. The SPV has been formed and the commissioner will be the chairman of the SPV, as per government announcements. Once all other directors are in place, we will start the process to appoint domain consultants based on the proposed smart city components, which is expected to be finalised by April.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Smart public transport
for Pune
1,440 buses to be fi tted with GPS, VTS and health monitoring
systems, 510 buses with PIS and 190 stops, and terminals with
PIS, 100 per cent buses trackable with VTS, bus stop
code-based SMS ETA service for 100 per cent bus stops.
April 2018
Intelligent Pune
traffic systems
100 per cent of signals adaptive traffi c management systems
with pedestrian switches; seven smart parking lots with
4,500 slots, apps, PIS and card-based payments; 500 cops to
be equipped with android-based e-chalaan tablets.
June 2018;
April 2019;
December 2016
Smart Pune traffic
planning suite
Transport planning using heat maps and changing
travel patterns.
2016-2017
Use ICT based solutions to reduce losses/NRW and generate electricity Funds. December 2017
Smart water metering across all levels Proper audit, partial pressure management, based on
GIS platform.
December
2017-19
Develop a comprehensive
suite of web and app-based
solutions for easy grievance redressal, complaint lodging and bill payment
Capex and opex already covered as a part of the
IOC (in e-governance).
December 2016

INDORE: Commercial capital of Madhya Pradesh
Rohan Saxena, Additional Commissioner, Indore Municipal Corporation:

¨Around Rs 5,000 crore is our smart city's total budgeted cost, which stands highest compared to other cities. We have already formed the SPV and the state government has appointed the District Collector as Chairman, Municipal Commissioner as Managing Director, and I will work in the capacity of a CEO. The corporation has also issued a request for proposal for the appointment of a consultant to provide consultancy services for technical and administrative support unit (TASU) for the project. We expect the appointment to take a month, post which, we will issue tenders for priority projects that the selected consultant will propose in its DPR. This process should take another three months. By the end of June 2016, we should be ready with all our procedures for the implementation of smart city projects.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Indore intelligent city mangement system (IICMS) Project funds, information and communication technology,f
inancial and technology convergence with Digital India
Mission (DIM).
2017-18
Central command and
control centre with multipurpose backbone communication network
Project funds, information and communication technology,
financial and technology convergence with DIM.
2017-21
Intelligent transport system (ITS) – traffic management Project funds, information and communication technology. 2020-21
Intelligent transport system (ITS) – transit management, electronic payment Project funds, information and communication technology,
financial and technology convergence with DIM.
2017-19
Intelligent transport system (ITS) – parking management Project funds, information and communication technology,
functional convergence with each parking proposal.
2020-21
Intelligent solid waste
management (ISWM) – GIS - based asset management, supervision and monitoring
Project funds, information and communication technology,
financial functional and HR convergence with SBM.
2017-18

CHENNAI, Tamil Nadu: Detroit of South Asia
According to Chennai´s smart city proposal on the Ministry of Urban Development site, against the total capital cost of Rs 1,366.24 crore for the plan, the annual operating and maintenance cost is estimated to be about Rs 65.20 crore on full completion of all project components. The operation and maintenance cost for area-based development is estimated at about Rs 33.70 crore and that for pan-city proposal is estimated at about Rs 31.50 crore. The implementation of the proposal is designed for a period of five years. Projects are scheduled in accordance with the available timeline and fund flow. The implementation of the proposal has three phases: First, setting up of the SPV and other administrative activities; second, the design phase; and third, the implementation phase.

As reported, the SPV is yet to be formed. As the model code of conduct has come into force, the commissioner was not available for comment.

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Non-motorised transport Architect/urban designer/landscape architect, project
management expert/liaison officer, transportation planner, ICT
system integrator for cycle sharing, GIS expert, data analyst.
March 2021
Electrical system Electrical and energy expert, ICT integrator. December 2019
Stormwater drainage Stormwater expert – hydrologist, ICT system integrator, December 2019
Street parking
management system
Transportation expert, ICT system integrator, data analyst. March 2020
Smart water – digital solutions for citizen services IT expert, ICT system integrator, data analyst,
communications expert.
March 2018

JABALPUR: Third largest urban agglomeration in Madhya Pradesh
Ved Prakash, Commissioner, Municipal Corporation of Jabalpur:

¨The total estimated cost of our smart city is Rs 3,998.50 crore. In this proposal, we have set aside Rs 190 crore for preparation of DPR, project development, procurement and project management. The SPV has already been formed and will consist of 10 members. As far as timelines as concerned, the DPR will take another one month of preparation.

We are yet to appoint a consultant for the DPR. The DPR will focus mainly on priority projects, and after we receive recommendations from the consultants through DPR, we will start the tendering process, which will take another two to three months.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Radio frequency identification components – OFC cabling, geo-fencing bins, WMITS software Project funds, convergence with Swachh
Bharat Mission (SBM), convergence with
Digital India.
2019-20
Vehicle tracking and monitoring system –
procurement of primary and secondary
collection vehicle, GPS devices, VTMS software
for monitoring
Project funds, convergence with SBM,
DFID FA, convergence with SBM.
2019-20
Central command and control centre and
other miscellaneous – hardware and software,
street sweeping and fogging, cleanliness
metering, IEC campaign for citizens, capacity
building programmes
Project funds, convergence with SBM,
DFID FA, Digital India, capacity building
part of project funds.
2017-21

AHMEDABAD, Gujarat: Economic and industrial hub
Ramya Bhatt, Additional Commissioner, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation:

¨A total budget of around Rs 2,492 crore, which includes opex and capex, has been allotted for smart city development. We expect around Rs 1,000 crore through PPP projects. While we have begun the process of forming the SPV, we are awaiting some clarifications from the state government. While the Municipal Commissioner will be the Chairman, we are yet to finalise the CEO of the SPV. We have considered three projects for the smart city, of which we have started the bidding process for two projects: A common payment system for the city and an integrated transit management system. The former will be completed in the next six months and the latter in the next nine months. The third project, which is a slum rehabilitation, area-based development, is in the planning stage and the DPR is underway. Once the SPV is formed, its major focus will be on smart components such as optical fibre network, command and control centres, retrofitting of utilities, etc.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Smart traffi c – integrated
transit management platform
Equipment, software, human resources, funds, website,
mobile applications.
H1 FY18
OFC Equipment, physical infrastructure, human resources, funds. H2 FY19
Control commandcentre (CCC) Equipment, physical infrastructure, human resources, funds. H2 FY18
Surveillance equipment
and integration intelligent
traffic management system
Equipment, physical infrastructure, human resources, funds. H2 FY19
Integration with
existing service
Equipment, infrastructure, human resources. H1 FY20

LUDHIANA, Punjab: Industrial centre of northern India
GK Singh, Commissioner, Ludhiana Municipal Corporation:

¨Around Rs 1,049 crore has been budgeted for the Smart City Plan. In the meanwhile, if we are able to increase our revenues through alternative sources, we can raise it to Rs 1,500 crore. We will complete the formation process of the SPV in the coming days; the state government has decided to appoint four directors comprising the Chief Secretary of State, Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner of the Municipal Corporation and Managing Director of PMIDC.

The SPV will be named Ludhiana Smart City Development Company. The DPR for the priority projects is expected to be completed on or before the end of May 2016. Once the DPR is finalised, we will start bidding out the projects, which will take another two months. So, before July, we will complete the entire process of forming the SPV to bid out the projects.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

SMART IPT – e-rickshaw, GPS,
charging stations, Kiosk,
control centre
Funds. March 2020
GIS-based mappin – mapping and
ground proofing, GIS application
centre and remote sensing centre and
block networks, license and staffing
Funds. December
2016-18

SOLAPUR, Maharashtra: The textile city
VN Kalam, Commissioner, Solapur Municipal Corporation:

¨Our Smart City´s Proposal is at Rs 2,247 crore. Of this, we are getting about Rs 750 crore from the Centre and state governments. The rest is being created by us as well as from financiers. We are all set to float tenders. We are just waiting for some instructions from the Government of India. We are declaring our SPV because all this needs to be done through this vehicle. So as soon as we announce the SPV, the action will start.

The Commissioner will be the Chairperson of the SPV in the general body as well as the executive body. The team under me will include 15 directors in the general body, of which six are from the political side, and a few are from the Centre and state government´s side. In the executive committee, along with me, there will be a CEO who will be appointed from the corporate world, and there will be a finance officer. Apart from that, 50 per cent of the staff would be well-trained in their respective fields. Our city will focus on water recycling and cleanliness.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Effi cient monitoring
and governance
Utility mapping for 178 sq km, installation of
158,600 m, bus tracking system for 144 buses and
lump-sum cost for SCADA and data analytics centre.
March 2018
Efficient citizens’ services Citizens’ grievance redress cell. March 2017

DAVANAGERE, Karnataka: Cotton hub
BH Narayanappa, Commissioner, Davanagere City Corporation:

¨The total amount of Rs 1,337 crore has been envisaged under the smart city proposal. In the meanwhile, we will incorporate the corporation´s share in our budget, which is yet to be tabled. We are expecting the state government to make the announcement on the SPV formation anytime soon, after which our target is to issue RFQ for the preparation of DPR. The DPR should be completed in the next couple of months, as we want to start the bidding process of our projects in the next three months thereafter. Our focus is to award priority projects before year-end to meet the deadline, as per the smart city proposals.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

CT-based mobility plan and urban transport facility Manpower, material, equipment and funds. December 2019
ICT and e-governance Manpower, material, equipment and funds June 2017

VISAKHAPATNAM, Andhra Pradesh: Jewel of East Coast
Praveen Kumar, Commissioner, Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation:

¨We realistically projected Rs 1,700 crore for the smart city plan. The funding will be assisted by the Centre and state governments. The SPV has been formed. While a few PPP projects will be assisted by the World Bank, USTDA is assisting in the preparation of the city´s complete master plan. They have gone beyond the corporation limits, where we have terms of references to deal with such as environmental sustainability, mobility, urban infrastructure, etc. All these will be part of a 16-month study, after which there will be a feasibility report that will consider the PPP projects. We had already floated tenders for a Rs 300 crore underground cabling project; however, such projects are now being incorporated in our Smart City Plan. We expect the tenders for the remaining projects under the plan to be floated in the next six months.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Disaster management
and e-governance
Funds. December 2020

KAKINADA: Andhra Pradesh´s fourth most populous
Aleem Basha, Commissioner, Kakinada Municipal Corporation:

¨For our smart city, the budgeted cost is around Rs 2,000 crore. Of this, the maximum amount has been assigned for pan-city development and the rest for area-based development. Importantly, unlike other corporations, we have not incorporated our share in the annual budget as we are financially well-placed and have an alternate source to raise funds. Meanwhile, we have already formed the SPV and are in the process of finalising the members, after which the SPV will come out with an RFP for the appointment of consultants for DPR. And then, in the next four months, we will float tenders to be undertaken on a project-wise basis.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Implementation of ICT-enabled waste management Support of Digital India for cloud. FY2017-18
ICT-based urban services Interdepartmental cooperation; support of DeitY’s cloud
‘Meghraj’ or any other cloud space as provided by Deit
Y;technology for education, health and planning.
FY2020-21

GUWAHATI, Assam: Major riverine port city
Narayan Konwar, Commissioner, Guwahati Municipal Corporation:

¨We have budgeted Rs 2,256 crore for the Smart City Plan. But as the corporation is not financially sound, the government may have to contribute the ULB´s share as well. The SPV has been formed and the project management consultant, earlier associated with a few projects, will prepare the DPR for the plan.

The DPR preparation, which should take around 25 days to complete, is only for priority projects. For other projects that are large in size, we will appoint an international consultant, and the DPR will take another six months to complete. With the election process going on, once we receive permission from the Election Commission, we will go ahead with the tendering process. Our target is to complete the tendering procedure in June this year.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Development of integrated ICT-based transport system SPV funds. 2019
Bus bay and bus stop Funds. 2018
Improvement of footpath,
road crossing and roads
AMRUT funds. 2019

COIMBATORE, Tamil Nadu: Manchester of South India
Dr K Vijayakarthikeyan, Commissioner, Corporation of Coimbatore:

¨For our Smart City Plan, the total budgeted expenditure is close to Rs 1,590 core for the pan-city and area-based developments. While we have incorporated the corporation´s share in the budget, we expect to raise funds from other sources too. Meanwhile, we will form the SPV in the coming days, as the proposal is with the state government. As the model code of conduct has been issued by the Election Commission of India, the decision over RFQ process for DPR and biddings for projects will be taken by it. As the elections have been declared, we cannot give you the exact timeline. However, our initial focus will be on energy-efficiency, surveillance, non-motor corridors and lake rejuvenation.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

City-wide CCTV surveillance Funds. March 2019
Energy-efficient
street lighting
Funds. March 2020

BHOPAL, Madhya Pradesh: The green city
Sanjay Kumar, Additional Commissioner, Bhopal Municipal Corporation:

¨As per the proposal, we require around Rs 3,500 crore. The focus is on transforming under-utilised government land and creating an eco-friendly and financially sustainable model. The SPV has been formed, which will have the task to swiftly implement the projects to be considered for the smart city. Its stakeholders are district authorities, state government, the corporation and the Government of India.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Smart unified governance Technology experts and finance. January 2018
Intelligent street lighting City coverage for lighting, unscheduled outages, coverage of
city under surveillance, Wi-Fi.
January 2018

UDAIPUR, Rajasthan: Tourist destination
Siddarth Sihag, Commissioner, Udaipur Nagar Nigam:

¨A total of Rs 1,300 crore has been budgeted for the Smart Cities Plan. And, we have not incorporated the ULBs share in the annual budget. The SPV has been formed, and in due course we will float the tenders once we prepare the DPR for the projects envisaged under the Smart City Plan. The DPR is expected to take around three months to complete.¨

Pan-city opportunity

Activity/component

Resources required

Likely date of completion

Water supply Installation of AMR meters. To be completed within four years from the date of sanctioning of project and
availability of funds.
Electricity Installation of smart meters for all
domestic connections.
To be completed within four years from the date of sanctioning and availability of funds.
Transportation Purchase of buses and establishment of bus shelters. To be completed within four years from the date of sanctioning and availability of funds.

- SHRIYAL SETHUMADHAVAN and Rahul Kamat

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